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Asthma -What You Need To Know

Asthma is a long-term disease affecting the lungs and the airways. In this kind of condition, the airways narrow and inflames. The common signs and symptoms include chest tightness, wheezing sound, coughing, and shortness of breath. 

The coughing symptom often occurs early in the morning or late at night. In an asthma attack, the lining of your airways becomes swollen. The muscles will contract to cause you to experience a narrowed breathing pattern.

During this exacerbation, you will cough a lot, wheeze and you may experience the difficulty of breathing. This kind of condition can be mild, which is manageable at home. However, there are severe cases that need immediate attention because it can be a life-threatening situation.

Mild  And Severe Asthma

Some individuals with asthma do not experience an attack of it for more extended periods. They can continue with their day to day activities without experiencing any signs and symptoms of asthma. But some individuals happen to experience a recurrent attack.

Asthma attack, which is mild in form, is more common compared to severe cases. In mild cases, your airways will just open up after a few minutes of treatment. With regards to acute attacks, it is less common, but the symptoms last for more extended hours which can threaten your life.

It is the main reason why people having severe asthma attacks need to be transported to the nearest health care facility as soon as possible. To prevent severe cases of attacks, you need to be capable of recognizing the early signs and symptoms. Treating mild signs and symptoms will prevent further attacks of asthma that are severe in form.

Life-Threatening Asthma

For some reason wherein you have not received any kind of treatment for a long time, you won’t be able to speak, and you would likely develop a bluish discoloration all over your lips. This condition is due to the lack of oxygen circulating in your body. In medical terminology, the bluish discoloration around your lips is called Cyanosis.” In the absence of immediate medical attention, you may experience loss of consciousness, and you can eventually die.

Early Signs of Asthma Attack

In general, the early symptoms of asthma are not severe, which may paralyze your day to day activities. But because you can recognize the early signs and symptoms, you can prevent further worsening of these.

There are several warning signs of early asthma attacks. These warning signs include frequent coughing that is familiar at night, reading a meter in which the peak flow is lower, difficulty breathing or difficulty breathing, fatigue, physical discomfort, wheezing, moodiness, mood swings. Symptoms include anxiety, difficulty sleeping, and symptoms—allergies or colds such as runny nose, headache, and sore throat.

The warning mentioned above signs is essential for you to remember always. Keep things in moderation and always bring your medication with you. Remember, an attack of asthma can occur unexpectedly.

Natural Home Remedies To Help You Reduce Asthma

There are many medical treatments available for treating it. Certain medications may cause side effects. However, there are many simple homemade remedies that are very beneficial for an asthma patient. So, let us see some of the simplest and most natural home remedies.


It is a well-known relaxant for asthma patients as it can reduce the inflammation in the airway. It gives you a relaxing effect and prevents attacks. Moreover, it can enhance the effects of certain asthma drugs and increase the relaxation of the muscles. 

Various methods to consume ginger are: You can eat it raw by mixing it with salt. Equal quantities of ginger juice, honey, and pomegranate juice can be combined, and 1 tbsp of this mixture consumed a day thrice. One tsp. of ground ginger added to a half cup of water can be consumed at bedtime.

Mustard Oil

It is another right way of relaxing your respiratory tract. You must use mustard oil with a little amount of camphor and massage it gently on the chest and upper back to relieve the passages and restore normal breathing. It is especially beneficial during subject attacks and can help in immediately subsiding the symptoms.


The caffeine content of the coffee acts as a dilator of the bronchial tissues and can help assist in clearing the air passage. Moreover, consuming hot coffee will ease the airway and help you in breathing correctly. However, you should not drink more than 3 cups of strong coffee in a day as too much caffeine intake is not suitable for health.


Using garlic can also help in clearing the air passage and help you breathe properly. For good results, you need to boil about 15 cloves of garlic in milk (one-half cup) and then drink it once a day.


The consumption of honey is one of the oldest home remedies for breathing. Even the smell of honey is known to have worked wonders for some people, and it is perfect for trying out nectar if you’re having trouble with your breathing. Just mix 1 tsp of honey in a glass of water (hot) and drink it gradually. Repeat this at least three times a day for positive results.

Causes of Asthma

The real causes of this long term inflammatory disease are still unknown. It is known for quite a long time, but yet the medical researchers do not know the leading cause of this long-term inflammatory disease of the airways. The symptoms of this disease can vary from one patient to another. 

Therefore, it is essential to know what can trigger your asthma. The doctors believe that when the asthma patient’s airways come in contact with the triggering element, the airways suddenly get narrowed, inflamed, and get filled with mucus.

The twitch of muscles, swelling of mucosal membrane, inflammation, and the sudden occurrence of mucus signals that you have an asthma attack. Knowledge regarding the triggering elements can save any asthma patient from an asthma problem.

Things That Can Trigger Your Shortness Of Breath


The infections of the upper airways, including the flu and colds, can also trigger the asthma attack. Patients should remain prepared to deal with the attack if they have such infections.

Airborne Irritants

These are usually known as allergic elements like dust particles, cigarette smoke, pollution, and fumes, which are airborne irritants. These irritants can anytime trigger asthma. The patients should use a mask or stay away from polluted areas to prevent the attack.


The allergic elements like dust mites, pollen, feathers, and animal fur can also trigger this attack. The asthma patients should know about these allergens and stay away from these allergens to avoid sudden asthma problems.


It may sound a bit weird, but too much STRESS or laughter can also trigger the asthma attack. The patients must try to stay calm and stress-free to avoid a sudden attack of asthma.


If an asthma patient uses medications like non-steroidal painkillers, he or she may suffer from an asthma attack. It is good to consult with the doctor and then take the anti-inflammatory medication to avoid the asthma attack.

Food additives

The food additives are mixed in foods to improve their quality and also preserving those foods for a long time. The researches show that some of these additives, including sulphites and tartrazine, can also trigger asthma.


The asthma patients may be unknowing, affecting their condition to their disadvantage by consuming alcohol. They may be allergic to alcohol or any ingredients mixed in it and thus suffer health problems.

The Indoor Conditions

The conditions like damp, mould, and chemicals in the flooring or carpet materials can also trigger your asthma. So, choose the material for carpet and flooring wisely.


Fragrances of scented candles and air fresheners may irritate the airways of the patient and may aggravate allergy leading to an asthma attack.

Weather Conditions

The weather conditions like windy days, sudden changes in temperature, thunderstorms, cold air, and humid weather conditions can also trigger the asthma attack.

Many other things may trigger your asthma, which includes food allergies, intense workouts, wood dust, latex, and flour and grain dust. There is no complete list of what can trigger your ASTHMA.

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma

Common signs and symptoms of asthma include:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing.
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath.

Prevention of Asthma

Asthma is not curable. But you can prevent it. Following these simple steps will go a long way in managing asthma.

  • Educate yourself about asthma. Empower yourself.
  • Have an Asthma Action Plan and follow through with it.
  • Follow your physician’s medicine regime
  • Identify the triggers that cause your asthma and avoid them
  • Document progression of your asthma
  • Regular visits to your treating physician
  • In the next part of this series, we look at what to prepare and expect during a medical consultation.

How To Cope With Your Asthma

People who have asthma have many more problems to deal with than people without it. Just being diagnosed for the first time can be very disturbing, and all the details of learning how to live with it can overwhelm nearly anyone. The information in this article can help you devise a plan that will make your life easier.

Your doctor will have many instructions and suggestions for you. You can also find out a lot of information for yourself by doing online searches and reading medical literature. Ask your doctor to guide you to legitimate sources of information, so that what you read on your own will not conflict with his instructions.

Take care to stay positive and look for new ways to improve your treatment plan. While asthma has been a recognized disease for many years, there are new developments and procedures being discovered often. Since everyone is an individual, there may be some things you can do that help you personally. The process is really a matter of trial and error, and you can personalize your treatment plan through experience.

Ask Your Doctor

Ask your doctor if there are any other specialists who approach the treatment of asthma differently than he does. Make sure your doctor knows you trust his advice and are not looking to replace him. Exercise is right for you, but exerting yourself too much and too fast can cause an attack. Look for a particular exercise instructor who is trained to work with clients with respiratory problems.

Asthma is a condition that responds mostly to the environment you live in. If there are triggers in your situation, work to eliminate or minimize them. 

Dust, Mould, Smoke

Dust, mould and smoke are well-known asthma triggers, and your exposure to them can be virtually ended when you delete their sources. Pet dander is also a common trigger, so if you have a pet and cannot make a space for it to live outside, keep it out of your bedroom at the very least.

Your family and friends can help prevent your environment from affecting your health. Any smokers should smoke outside, and never allow anyone to smoke in your car. Smoke permeates the fabric and can continue to affect you after it is gone.

 It is also essential to keep your stress levels as low as possible, so try to live a life of peace. Asthma medications consist mostly of inhalers and drugs designed to prevent an asthma attack. Using an inhaler can be tricky at first, but practising while your doctor or a nurse supervises can help.

Some people with pets are able to tolerate their own pets, but their asthma symptoms get much worse if they are in contact with other pets. If this is the case with you, be wary of visiting locations where other animals are kept. Horse stables and zoos can be especially troublesome. It is a disease that cannot be cured, but you can learn to manage it. Use the valuable tips in this article to live a relatively healthy life in spite of your disease.



John Steve

Medical Informaton Executive , Freelancer , Web Developer & Content Writer

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